This is the main entrance to the Temple at 288, South Bridge Road, Chinatown, singapore.
Along this stretch of road, you will find the Jame Mosque (1830), Sri Barium. Temple (1827) and diagonal, across the Fairfield Methodist Church (1948). This is a testimony of the rich and diverse racial and religious harmony of Singapore. Mountain Gate in BTRTM.
This traditional temple gateway has 3 large,heavy,red
lacquered doors in accordance with traditional Tang
It is fitted with gilt bronze studs, engraved plates and lion door knockers. Entry via the center gate is restricted, usual, reserved for important guests.
In addition, the most fundamental feature is a four-sided rectangular enclosure, that ., structures with walls that are formed at right angles and oriented cardinally.
Dougong is a unique structural element of interlocking wooden brackets, one of the most important elements in traditional Chinese architecture. It first appeared in buildings of the last century BC and evolved into a structural network that joined pillars and columns to the frame of the roof. Dougong was widely used in the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC) and developed into a complex set of interlocking parts by its peak in the Tang and Song periods. Since ancient times when the Chinese first began to use wood for building, joinery has been a major focus and craftsmen cut the wooden pieces to fit so perfectly that no glue or fasteners were necessary.
Development of BTRTM Mountain Gate Before construction commenced, a temporary mountain gate was erected by craftsmen from Suzhou, to give Singaporeans an idea of what was being construct.
Timber The entire wooden structure is from 'Yellow Balau' timber from Borneo. Theses timber was brought into Singapore for timber treatment before it was sent to Zhuji, China for cutting into the various shapes needed.
Columns Due to the wet and humid tropical weather conditions in Singapore, it was decided that the load bearing columns be cast in concrete and to be wrapped with timber, to provide the traditional look.
Standard Design for Buddhist Temple Construction, is a Chinese language text written by Daoxuan in the early Tang Dynasty. It described a design for Buddhist temples influenced by mainstream Chinese architecture, and based upon a traditional layout composed of multiple, related courtyards. This architectural tradition can be traced back to the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. Fisher, Robert E, Buddhist Art and Architecture, Thames & Hudson, 1993, ISBN 978-0-500-20265-4, pages 110 - 115 Ota, Hirotaro, Japanese Architecture and Gardens, Kokusai Bunka Shinkokai, 1966, pages 90 - 92 William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous, A Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 2000 edition, ISBN 81-208-0319-1 Liu, Xian-Jue/Lee Coo, Buddhist Architecture in Singapore,The Tradition and Modernization of, 2007, ISBN 978-981-05-8282-1 Lee, Geok Boi, Religious Monuments of Singapore, Faiths of our forefathers, Landmark Books, 2002, ISBN 981-3065-62-1
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