VEN.SARIPUTTA



Sarttuttar The Marshal of the Mamma

Ranputra (Sans.), or Sanputta (Batt IS a top master of Wisdom. In Heart Sutra, Shakyamuni Buddha preaches to him.

He IS also called Ittarssa, whKh was evidently his personal name (.150). The commentators say that Ittarssa was the name of his village a. that he was the eldest son of the chof family in the village, but other accounts glue his village as Naaka. HIS father was the brahmin, Vanganta (DhALL84), and his mother, nip... It was because of his mothers name that he came to be called Sttputta.

Sariputra had already embarked on Irte as a spanl assert when he encountered the teachings of the Buddha. Ranputra had a close rand Mahamaudgattayana (Pall: Mahamoggallana), another wandering ascett. They both renounced the world on the same day and became disciples of the sceptic Sattaya Belatlhaputta before converting to Buddhism.

After bearing of the Buddha's teachings from a monk named AS., (Sanskrit: Await), Raputra sought out the Buddha and became an adherent to his teachings. These two are often depicted together wrth the Buddha, and several sutras regard interactions between Ranputra and Mahamaudgattayana (who .came renowned among the early Buddhists for his mastery of supematural powers).

Ranputra often preached wrth the Buddha's approval antl was awarded the title of 'General of the Dharma' (Pall: 13.1111-11asenVati) for his propagation of the teachings and IS regarded as the founder of the Alondharma trarebon. However, the Buddha also Ightly reprimanded Sanputta on occasion when he did not fully explain the Mamma to a pnnce, or when he allowed a group of novae monks to become too loud.
NevertheWss, Ranputra was one of the most highly praised disciples and on at least one occasion the Buddha declared him to be a true spotual son and his chof assistant in turning the Wheel of the Mamma°.

Sanputta went to his native place voth the permission of the Buddha, Nalaka, a Brahmin village as he wanted his mother who was still a non-Buddhist to be shown the correct path and fah. He attained Pannibbana at the village called Nalaka after being successfully able to convert his mother and make her a path winner. According to the Pall Canon, Sanputta dod peacefully on the full moon day of the Karbka month of the ancient Indian calendar, a few months before the Buddha, having achieved Pannibbana, and when anputta's assistant, Cunda, gave the news to Ananda, Ananda was very distressed. He passed the news along to the Buddha, who remained at peace, and chastwed Ananda's reaction.

According to the Cunda Sutta:

"On one occasion the Blessed One was staying near Savattla fetes Grove, nal-hapax-aces monastery. Now at that time Ven. Sari,. was staying among the Flagarlhans Nalaka village — disease., in pain, severely ill. Gonda the novice was his ttendant. Then, because of that illness, Ven.Sariputta attained total Unbinding. So Gonda the novice, raking veil. Sariputta's bowl & robes, went to Ven. Ana.. leta's Grove, nal-hapax-aces monastery, near Savattla, and on arrival, having bower/down to him, sat to one side. As he was sitting there he said veil. Ananda: "Venerable sir, veil. Sariputta has attained total Unbinding. Here are his bowl & robes."

After his body was cremated, the filter cloth with the relics, alms bowl and robes were taken to the Buddha by Chunda and on the Buddha's Instruction handed over to King Ajaashatru. King Ajaashatru enshHned these mhos In a Stupa which was venerated by the followers. After some time in BC 261 King Dharmasoka (Ashok) opened the Stupa on instructions received from Moggaliputtatissa who indicated the third Buddhist Council.

According to Dalton, "In the early 1950s, the Botish had already returned, nth great fanfare, to India, the relics of the Buddha's chof disciples, Sanputra and Mahattaudgalyana, whKh Alexander Cunningham had uncovered at Sanci in 1851 and ferreted to the Votona and Albert Museum or London."

The Buddha said in the Ilkkacela Sutta:

"Those who in the past have been Holy Ones. Fully enlightened Ones, those Blessed Ones, oo, had such excellent pairs of disciples as I had in Sariputta and !Naha floggallana. Those who in the future will be Holy Ones, fully Enlightened Ones, those Blessed Ones too will have suce excellent pairs of disciples as I had in Sariputta and !Naha floggallana."

In the Lass Sutra, the Buddha does predict that Ranputra will become a fully awakened Buddha one day, named Flower Glow Tathagata, at whKh Raputra's mind IS said to °dance voth roy".

dialogue between Ranputra and Avalokrtessara IS also the context of the Heart Sutra, a brief but essential text in the Mahayana Buddhist trarebon.



Bibliography: Great Disciples of the Buddha, Their Ewes Their Works The, Legacy, Nyanaponika Thera a. Hellmuth Hecker, edged by Bhikkhu Bodhi, Wisdom Publoatons, 2003, ISBN -B6171-381-W chapter 1 The lefe of Sariputta, Nyanponika Thera Gunela Sutta, Satipatthana Samyutta, No 13, Samyutta Nikaya Ukkacela Sutta, Satipatthana Samyutta, No. 14, Samyutta Nikaya Rehcs of the Buddha, John S. Strong, Princeton University Press, 2004, ISBN 13:978 0 691 117. 5, page 206 Buddhism A to X, Ronald B Epstein, Buddhist Text Translation Society, 2003, ISBN 0-88139-353-3, pages 176 -177

Websites:

1.   Sariputta – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2.   The Life of Sariputta
3.Sáriputta
4.Relatives and Disciples of the Buddha – 02a
5.Sáriputta Sutta
6.Wh090–2 — Life of Sariputta — Plain text